Standard Operating Procedure for management of Rejected Materials in warehouse
To provide a standard operating procedure for management of Rejected Materials in warehouse.
The scope of this SOP is applicable for management of Rejected Materials in warehouse at [company name].
Warehouse person: Storage of rejected material in rejected material area
Warehouse supervisor: Checking of the documents regarding rejected materials
Warehouse head: Overall responsibility to ensure compliance to the procedure
Head QA: Approval of rejection and disposal of rejected material
5.1 Source of rejected material would be any of the following:
i. Damaged material during material receipt
ii. Discrepancy noted during receipt of material
iii. Material rejection during testing
iv. Material rejected because of the quality event during manufacturing
v. Material is expired
vi. Material no longer required to be used in the facility
vii. Product return and recall
viii. Material discrepancy reported during dispensing, manufacturing, or packaging of the batch
5.2 Procedure for rejection handling when the material is rejected during testing:
5.2.1 During testing, if the material gets rejected, the QC analyst shall generate a rejected material certificate of analysis (CoA) and rejection labels according to number of containers.
5.2.2 On rejecting the material in the system, material stock shall be automatically transferred from quarantine/ under test status to blocked/ rejected status in material management software.
5.2.3 QC person shall affix the rejection label on rejected material containers.
5.2.4 Once the QC person affixes the rejected material label, warehouse personnel shall transfer the material to the rejection area and make the necessary entry in the rejected material logbook.
5.2.5 If Raw material or Packaging material gets rejected, the information shall be shared with the procurement department for financial transactions.
5.2.6 Raw material can be returned to the material manufacturer or destroyed at factory premises depending on commercial agreements.
5.2.7 Printed packaging material cannot be returned to the material manufacturer. It must be destroyed at factory premises. Except for printed packaging material, it can be destroyed at factory premises or returned to material manufacturers depending on commercial agreements.
5.3 Procedure for the handling of rejection during material receipt:
5.3.1 If the material is found damaged/ unacceptable as per material receipt procedure during receipt, the warehouse person will record the observation in the observation sheet and intimate it to the Quality Assurance (QA) department through intimation form. Based on the verification, the QA person shall affix the rejection label on the containers, which will not be in the condition to accept for use.
5.3.2 Warehouse personnel shall transfer the rejected materials to the rejected material room.
5.3.3. If material is rejected during receipt of material, record the rejection into the outright rejection form. The material can be returned to the material to the material supplier or destroyed at factory premises.
5.4 Procedure for the handling of rejection during manufacturing or packing operations (online rejection):
5.4.1 While the manufacturing or packaging process is in the progress, various instances where material rejection could happen. For example, defective packaging material observed during operation, the material is not performing as intended, machine setting rejection, material spillage, etc.
5.4.2 In the above cases, the user department shall initiate the online rejection form and get it approved by the department head and QA. Then, QA will affix the rejection label on materials or material containers.
5.4.3 User department will submit the material to the warehouse and the online rejection form to store in the rejected material area. However, in case of spillage of raw material, it needs not to transfer to the rejection area. It shall be recorded in respective batch records, and material shall be destroyed as per material destruction procedure by the manufacturing department.
5.4.4 For material returned to the warehouse, material movement transactions to be done in the material management software.
5.4.5 The material can be returned to the material to the material supplier or destroyed at factory premises.
5.5 Procedure for material management for the material which is no longer required to be used:
5.5.1 Manufacturing, procurement, R&D, and supply chain department shall be informed of material available in the factory, which is no longer required to be used in the factory premises.
5.5.2 In case any of the stakeholders request material transfer to other locations or the probability of material to be used shortly, the decision shall be taken accordingly to retain the material or transfer the material to another site.
5.5.3 If material is no longer required in any of the above scenarios, it can be destroyed after approval.
5.5.4 In case of any artwork of product has been changed, the material shall be blocked by QA and transferred to the rejected material area.
5.6 Procedure for management of expired material:
5.6.1 In case material is expired, warehouse personnel shall affix the expired material label or stamp [as procedure defined by an organization] over the available label on the container.
5.6.2 Warehouse personnel shall transfer the material to the rejection area. Record the details in the rejection logbook.
5.6.3 Initiate the destruction report and, after approval of the destruction report, destroy the material.
5.7 Procedure for the destruction of rejected, expired, or unusable material:
5.7.1 Warehouse person shall fill the material destruction requisition form and get it approved from the operational head and quality assurance head.
5.7.2 After approval of the destruction requisition note, warehouse personnel initiates the material destruction process.
5.7.3 Printed aluminum foil, PVC, PCV-PVdC film shall be destroyed in such a way that it will not be in the form of usability. For example, the material can be destroyed using an industrial crusher machine or using drill machine.
5.7.4 Labels, cartons, leaflets, or any other packaging material shall be destroyed using a shredding machine or destroyed manually. Material can be defaced using ink in such a way that it cannot be reused.
5.7.5 Stock movement shall be done in the material management software.
5.7.6 Raw material and product can be destroyed as per approved procedure by the organization. Various options are available, such as transfer material to the effluent treatment plant, send to a shared effluent treatment plant (commercially provided service), incinerators, or send to the approved agency that performs destruction activity.
5.8 In case of any material destruction require government authority involvement, the applicable legal procedure shall be followed.
5.9 The rejected material shall be stored with the storage condition applicable for specific materials. This is to facilitate material return to the manufacturer if need. If the storage condition is not maintained, the material will no longer remain usable if the material manufacturer wants to reprocess the material or use it for any other purpose.
5.10 When the warehouse experiences storage constrain, temporary storage can be created in the facility with the help of quality assurance department approval with the same facility condition as applicable for the rejection room.
5.11 The destruction process shall be completed within [days defined by organization] business days from the approval of the destruction requisition form.
5.12 Appropriate safety precautions shall be used while handling rejected material and destruction of material. Personal protective equipment shall be used, and Material Safety Data Sheet shall be available for reference in case of any accidental exposure or to prevent any hazard.
Every batch packaging
Format for Logbook of primary Packaging material dispensing (Following are the content of logbook)
Following content should be covered in the log book
RLAF Start Time (Hrs.)
Magnehelic gauge pressure reading
Dispensing start time (Hrs.)
Dispensing end time (Hrs.)
Cleaning start time
Cleaning end time
RLAF stop time
RLAF stopped by
Format for Logbook of secondary and tertiary Packaging material dispensing (Following are the content of logbook)
Following content should be covered in the log book
Date of Dispensing:
Product /Material Name
Batch/ Lot Size
Dispensing start time
Dispensing end time
Cleaning Start time
Cleaning end time